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MOSCOW: 

everything about

the Russian capital

 

 

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Russian cities

 

 

Birth and death rate in Russia since 1950 till 2010.

Full list of the heads of Russia and the USSR

 

 

Military ranks and insignia

 

Russian armored vehicles

 

 

Regiments of the Russian Prerevolutionary Guards

 

Russian cars

since 1896 till 2011

 

 

Prerevolutionary salaries and their current equivalents

 

 

Rusian fighters

 

 

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Russian tanks 

Name, year

Specifications

Vezdekhod, 1915

Weight: 4 tonnes. Height: 2.1 m. Length: 4.5 m. Breadth: 2.2 m. Armour: 8 mm. Gun: Maxim machine gun. Crew: 2 Primary weapon 37-mm Model 28 canon. Motor: 20 HP Speed: 25 km/h. Crew: 2 men. More ?

KS-10, 1919, also called "Fighter for freedom - comrade Lenin" Tank M, Russian Renault.,

Weight 6.6 tonnes. Length hull 5,0 m. Width 1.74 m. Height 2.25 m. Crew 2. Armour 8-22 mm. Engine 34 HP. Speed: 8.5 km/h. Built 15 units. More ?

T-18 (-1), 1927

Weight 4.7-5.3 tonnes. Length 4.4 m. Width 1.78 m. Height 2.12 m. Crew 2. Armour 6-16 mm. Primary weapon 37-mm Model 28 canon. Secondary weapon 1?6.5 Fyodorov machine gun. Operational range 50 km (31 mi). Speed 17 km/h. More ?

T-24, 1929

Weight 5.9 tonnes. Crew 5. Weapons: one 45-mm model 1930 tank gun, four 7.62-mm machine guns. Armour: front and hull side 20 mm, turret 20 mm. and bottom 8.5 mm. Engine 250 HP. Speed 25,4 km/h. Operational range 140 km. Built 25 units. More ?

T-27, 1930

Weight 2.7 tonnes. Crew 2. Weapons 1 DT machine gun. Armour 10 mm front and hull side. Engine GAZ- 40 HP. Speed 40 km/h. Operational range 120 km. Built 3295 units.

T-26, 1931

Weight 8 tonnes. Crew 3. Weapons one 45-mm model 1930 tank gun, two 7.62-mm machine guns. Armour: hull and turret 15 mm. Engine 90 HP. Speed 30 km/h. Operational range 130 km. Built 1627 units.

TG, 1931

Weight 25 tonnes. Crew 5. Weapons one 76.2-mm and one 37-mm, , 2 ? 7.62-mm machine guns , 3?7.62-mm Maxim machine gun. Armour: front 44 mm, hull side and turret 300 mm. Engine: -6, 300 HP. Speed 34 km/h. Operational range 350 km.

BT-2, 1932

Weight 11 tonnes. Crew 3. Weapons one 37-mm Model 30 canon, one 7.62-mm DT machine gun, Armour front, side, and turret 13 mm. Engine "Liberty", 400 HP. Speed 52 km/h with truks, 72 km/h with wheels. Operational range 200 and 300 km . More ?

T-26, 1932

Weight 9 tonnes. Crew 3. Weapons one 37-mm Model 30 canon and one 7.62-mm DT machine gun, Armour: front, side, rear and turret 13 mm; top 10 mm; bottom 6 mm. Engine 90 HP. Speed 30 km/h. Operational range 130 km.

T-28, 1933

Weight 25.4 tonnes. Crew 6. Armour 10-30 mm. Weapons: 1?76.2-mm T-28, 4?7.62-mm DT machine guns. Engine power 500 HP. Speed 42 km/h. Built 503 units.

T-26, 1933

Weight 9.4 tonnes. Crew 3. Weapons 45-mm Model 32 tank gun and 7.62-mm DT machine gun, Armour: front, side, rear and turret 13 mm; top 10 mm; bottom 6 mm. Engine power 90 HP. Speed 30 km/h. Operational range 130 km.

BT-5, 1935

Weight 11.5 tonnes. Crew 3. Weapons one 45-mm canon, one 7.62-mm DT machine gun. Armour front, hull side and turret 13 mm. Powerplant -5, 400 HP. Speed 52 km/h with truks, 72 km/h with wheels. Built 1884 units. More ?

T-37, 1935

Weight 3,2 tonnes. Crew 2. Length 3.75 m. Width 2.10 m. Height 1.82 m. Weapons one machine-gun. Armour 9 mm front and hull side. Engine GAZ-, 40 HP. Speed 36 km/h on road,  6 km/h on water.

T-35, 1935

Weight 50 tonnes. Crew 11. Length 9.72 m. Width 3.20 m. Height 3.43 m. Weapons one 76.2-mm T-28, two 45-mm Model 32 tank guns, 6 DT machine-guns. Armour: hull front 50 mm, side 20 mm, turret 20 mm. Engine 17, 500 HP. Speed 30 km/h. Built 61 units.

T--38, 1936

Weight 3,3 tonnes. Crew 2. Weapons one 7.62-mm machine-guns. Armour: front, hull side and turret 9 mm, bottom 4 mm. Engine GAZ-, 40 HP. Speed 40 km/h on road,  6 km/h on water. Operational range 200 km.

T-29, 1936

Weight 24 tonnes. Crew 5. Length 7,324 m. Width 3,22 m. Height 2820 m. Clearance 500 mm. Weapons: 1?76.2-mm T-28, 4?7.62-mm DT machine guns. Engine power 500 HP. Speed 56 km/h with truks, 81 km/h with wheels. Built 8 units.

BT-77, 1937

 

Weight 13,8 tonnes. Crew 3 , one 45-mm Model 32 tank gun, one-two 7.62-mm machine guns. Armour: hull front 20 mm, side 13 mm, turret 15 mm. Engine 17, 400 HP. Speed 52-73 km/h. Operational range 350-500 km (with additional fuel tanks). More ?

BT-7, 1937

Weight 13,8 tonnes. Crew 3 , one 76-mm canon T-26, two 7.62-mm machine guns. Armour: hull front 20 mm, side 13 mm, turret 15 mm. Engine 17, 400 HP. Speed 50-73 km/h. Operational range 350-500 km (with additional fuel tanks). Built 154 units.

-20, 1938

Weight 18 tonnes. Crew 4. Weapons one 45-mm canon, two 7.62-mm machine guns. Armour: front and hull side 20 mm, turret 25 mm. Engine V-2, 450 HP. Speedwith wheels 65 km/h,with truks 65 km/h. Operational range 400 km and 900 km . Built 1 units.

SMK, 1939

Weight 55 tonnes. Crew 7. Weapons one 76.2-mm L-11, one 45-mm Model 32 tank gun, one 12.7-mm DShK machine gun, 4 7,6-mm machine guns . Armour: hull front 75 mm, side 60 mm, turret 60 mm. Engine -34, 850 HP. Speed 34,5

BT-7, 1939

Weight 14,65 tonnes. Crew 3 , one 45-mm Model 32 tank gun, one-two 7.62-mm machine guns. Armour: hull front 20 mm, side 13 mm, turret 15 mm. Engine 2, 500 HP. Speed 62 km/h with truks, 86 km/h with wheels. Operational range 350-500 km (with additional fuel tanks). Built 706 units.

T-40, 1939

Weight 5.5 tonnes. Crew 2. Weapons: one 12.7-mm machine gun, one 7.62-mm DT machine gun. Armour: front and hull side 13 mm, turret 10 mm. Engine GAZ-11, 85 HP. Speed 44 km/h, ( 5 km/h.). Operational range 220 km.

KV-1, 1940

3,1 tonnes. Crew 5. Weapons one 76.2-mm L-11 tank gun, three 7.62-mm machine guns . Armour: hull front 75 mm, side 60 mm, turret 82 mm. Engine V-2, 500 HP. Speed 36 km/h. Operational range 230 km.

V-2, 1940

Weight 52 tonnes. Crew 6. Weapons one 152-mm -10, three 7.62-mm machine guns. Armour: front, hull side and turret 75 mm. Engine V-2, 600 HP. Speed 35 km/h. Operational range 250 km. Built 434 units.

T-34, 1940

Weight 26.5 tonnes. Crew 4. Length 6.68 m (21 ft 11 in). Width 3.00 m (9 ft 10 in). Height 2.45 m (8 ft 0 in).Weapons one 76.2-mm L-11 tank gun (since 1941 F-34), two 7.62-mm machine guns. Armour: front and hull side 45 mm, turret 45 mm. Engine V-2, 500 HP. Top Speed 55 km/h. Operational range 370 km.

T-50, 1941

Weight 13.5 tonnes. Crew 4. Weapons one 45-mm canon, one 7.62-mm . Armour: hull and turret 37 mm. Engine -6, 300 HP. Speed 60 km/h. Operational range 340 km. Built 75 units.

T-34-57, 1941

Weight 26 tonnes. Crew 4. Weapons ZiS-4 or the ZIS-4M high-velocity 57 mm gun, two 7.62-mm machine guns. Armour: front and hull side 45 mm, turret front 52 mm. Engine V-2, 500 HP. Top Speed 55 km/h. Operational range 300 km.

NI-1, 1941

Weight ~ 7 tonnes. Crew 2-3. Weapons   37 or 45 mm gun, 2 ? 7.62-mm DT. Armour: hull front 20 mm, side 10 mm, turret 20 mm. Powerplant   1, 52-56 HP. Speed 20 km/h. Operational range 140 km. Built 62 units. More ?

T-60, 1941

Weight 5,8 tonnes. Crew 2. Weapons one 20-mm gun, one 7.62-mm DT machine gun. Armour: hull front 35 mm, side 15 mm, turret 15 mm. Powerplant GAZ 202. 70 HP. Speed 42 km/h. Operational range 450 km. Built 5920 units.

T-70, 1942

Weight 9,8 tonnes. Crew 2. Weapons 45 mm gun Model 38 (94 rds.), one 7.62-mm DT machine gun. Armour: front 35-45 mm, turret 35 mm, front of the turret 65 mm, side 15 mm, rear 25 mm, top, bottom 10 mm. Powerplant 2?GAZ 202?140 HP. Speed 45 km/h. Operational range 350 km. Built 8231 units.

-1, 1942

Weight 42.5 tonnes. Crew 5. Weapons one 76.2-mm canon -34, three 7.62-mm machine guns. Armour: hull front 75 mm, side 40 mm, turret 82 mm. Engine V-2, 600 HP. Speed 42 km/h. Operational range 250 km. Built 2769 units.

T-80, 1943

Weight 11,6 tonnes. Crew 3. Weapons 45 mm gun Model 38 (94 rds.), one 7.62-mm DT machine gun. Armour: hull front 45 mm, side 25 mm, turret 35 mm. Powerplant two GAZ 80 engines 85 HP. Speed 45 km/h. Operational range 360 km. Built 85 units.

-85, 1943

Weight 46 tonnes. Crew 4. Weapons one 85-mm canon 5, three 7.62-mm machine guns. Armour: hull front 75 mm, side 60 mm, turret 100 mm. Powerplant   V-2 diesel, 600 HP. Speed 42 km/h. Operational range 330 km. Built 148 units.

IS-1, 1943

Weight 44 tonnes. Crew 4. Weapons: 85-mm D5 tank canon and 3 DT machine guns. Armour: hull front 100 mm, side 90 mm, turret 100 mm. Speed 37 km/h. Operational range 120 km. Built 107 units.

T-34-85, 1944

Weight 32 tonnes. Crew 5. Weapons 85-mm D5 tank canon, two 7.62-mm DT machine guns. Armour: front and hull side 45 mm, turret 90 mm. Engine V-2, 500 HP. Top Speed 55 km/h. Operational range 420 km.

IS-2, 1943

Weight 46 tonnes. Crew 4. Weapons D25-T 122 mm gun (28 rds.), three 7.62-mm machine guns. Armour: hull front 120 mm, side 90 mm, turret 100 mm. Engine V-2 IS diesel, 520 HP. Speed 37 km/h. Operational range 220 km. Built 3385 units.

T-44, 1945

Weight 31.5 tonnes. Crew 4. Weapons one 85-mm canon, two 7.62-mm machine guns. Armour: hull front 120 mm. Engine -44, 520 HP. Top Speed 51 km/h. Built 1823 units.

IS-3, 1945

Weight 47 tonnes. Crew 4. Weapons one 122-mm canon, one 7.62-mm , one 12.7-mm anti-aircraft machine gun. Armour hull front 120 mm, side 90 mm. Engine V-11IS 520 HP. Speed 40 km/h. Operational range 200 km. Built 29 units.

T-54, 1946

Weight 36 tonnes. Crew 4. Weapons one 100-mm canon 101, two 7.62-mm machine guns, one 12.7-mm anti-aircraft machine gun. Armour: hull front 100 mm, side 80 mm, turret 200 mm. Engine -54, 520 HP. Speed 50 km/h. Operational range 350-440 km.

IS-4, 1947

Weight 60 tonnes. Crew 4. Weapons one 122-mm canon, two 12.7-mm machine guns. Armour front and hull side 160 mm, turret front 250 mm, side 170 mm. Engine , 750 HP. Speed 43 km/h. Operational range 170 km. Built 219 units.

IS-7, 1949

Weight 68. Crew 5. Weapons 130-mm canon, 12.7-mm , 7.62-mm machine-guns, 12.7-mm anti-aircraft machine gun. Armour turret front 210 mm, hull front 150 mm, hull side 150-100 mm. Engine power 1050 HP., Speed 59 km/h, Operational range 300 km. Built 47 units.

PT-76, 1951

Weight 14,6 tonnes. Crew 3. Weapons: one 76-mm canon, one 7.62-mm . Armour 6-13 mm. Engine -6, 240 HP. Top Speed 40 km/h on road, 10 km/h on water. Operational range 250 km. Built 3039 units.

T-10, 1954

Weight 51 tonnes. Crew 4. Weapons one 122-mm canon, two 12.7-mm machine guns. Armour front and hull side 120 mm, turret front 201 mm, side 148 mm. Engine power   700 HP. Speed 42 km/h. Operational range 200 km.

T-55, 1956

Weight 36.5 tonnes. Crew 4. Weapons one 100-mm canon 101, two 7.62-mm machine guns, one 12.7-mm anti-aircraft DShKM machine gun. Armour: hull front 100 mm, side 80 mm, turret 200 mm. Engine -55, 580 HP. Speed 50 km/h. Operational range 400 km.

T-62, 1961

Weight 37 tonnes. Crew 4. Weapons one 115-mm 220 canon, one 7.62-mm PKT machine gun and one 12.7-mm anti-aircraft DShKM machine gun. Armour: hull front 100 mm, side 80 mm, turret front 188 mm. Engine -55, 580 HP. Speed 50 km/h. Operational range 450 km.

T-64, 1967

Weight 38 tonnes. Crew 3. Weapons one 125-mm canon -81, one 7.62-mm PKT machine gun, one 12.7-mm NSVT anti-aircraft machine gun. Armour: hull front 105 mm, side 80 mm, turret front 150 mm. Engine power 700 HP. Speed 60,5 km/h. Operational range 500600 (700 with additional fuel tanks) km.

IT-1, 1968

Weight 34,5. Crew 3. Weapons 3M7 Drakon 15 missiles, one 7.62-mm PKT machine gun. Armour: hull front 100 mm, side 80 mm, turret front 206 mm. Engine -55, 580 HP. Speed 50 km/h. Operational range 500 (700 with additional fuel tanks) km. Built 110 units.

T-72, 1973

Weight 41. Crew 3. Weapons one 125-mm canon 246, one 7.62-mm PKT machine gun, one 12.7-mm anti-aircraft NSVT machine gun. Armour: hull front 208 mm, side 7080 mm, turret front 410 mm. Engine power 780 HP. Speed 60 km/h. Operational range 470 km.

T-80, 1976

Weight 42. Crew 3. Weapons one 125-mm canon 246-1, one 7.62-mm PKT machine gun, one 12.7-mm anti-aircraft NSVT machine gun. Armour: hull front 208 mm, side 7080 mm, turret front 410 mm. Engine power 1000 HP. Speed 65 km/h. Operational range 600 km.

T-90, 1993

Weight 42. Crew 3. Weapons one 125-mm smoothbore gun 246-5 with ATGM capability; mainly 9M119 Svir, one 7.62-mm PKT machine gun, one 12.7-mm Kord anti-aircraft machine gun. Steel-composite-reactive blend vs APFSDS: 550 mm + 250-280 mm with Kontakt-5 = 800-830 mm; vs HEAT: 650 mm + 500-700 mm with Kontakt-5 = 1,150-1,350 mm. Engine Model 84 V-84 12-cyl. diesel. Power 1000 HP. Speed 60 km/h. Operational range 550 (700 with additional fuel tanks) km.

 

Russian ranks and insignia