Origin of the name
How to get in
Where to eat
Red Square is the most
famous city square in Moscow, and arguably one of the most famous in the
world. The square separates the Kremlin, the former royal citadel and
currently the official residence of the President of Russia, from a
historic merchant quarter known as Kitai-gorod. As major streets of
Moscow radiate from here in all directions, being promoted to major
highways outside the city, Red Square is often considered the central
square of Moscow and of all Russia.
Monument to Yuriy Dolgorukiy – legendary founder of the city – for the
time of every New Year celebration is dressed up as Father Frost –
Russian analogue of Santa Klaus.
Moscow City Hall
First Tverskaya-Yamskaya Street
Old Arbat street. Painted by Alyona Dergilyova.
The inscription “ðþìî÷íàÿ” means a “wine-glassary”, i.e. a fast-drink
bar. Visiting a ryumochnaya, you can drink a wine-glass (ðþìêà
[ryumka] in Russian, hence the world “ryumochnaya”) of Russian Vodka or
cheap but strip Port without any snack. To have a snack you should
remove to a zakusochnaya (çàêóñî÷íàÿ)
This ryumochnaya "Ãîãîëü"
is named after the Great Russian writer, novelist, humorist, and
dramatist Nikolai V. Gogol, who leaved and dead in Moscow just near the
Arbat Street. The Russians believe, Gogol liked to visit this
ryumochnaya several times a day, scooping inspiration with wine-glasses.
The monuments of Stalin's epocha still remain in Moscow.
Painted by Alyona Dergilyova.
Feral dogs in the street. Painted by Alyona Dergilyova.
There is about a million feral dogs in Moscow.
Before the XXII Olympic games which were spent in Moscow in 1980, there
were many small individual houses in the city. However by the Olympiad
those houses have been taken down, so that the modern multi-stored
buildings to be constructed on their sites. The inhabitants of those
small houses held sentry dogs, but after the “snos” (demolition) they
have been compelled to let the dogs go outdoor. Since then the
descendants of those dogs live in the streets.
In a show-window you can see an inscription “Ñäîáà”
(Sdoba) which means "fancy bread". The Moscow Sdoba is really very tasty
and not unsafe for your health.
The State Historical Museum.
Moscow Metro is the most beautiful subway in the World.
The pictures of some Russian painters are exposed now in the underground
An old train
adjoins to a modern one.
An old trolleybus
adjoins to a modern one.
Jitney-like mode of transport that falls between private transport and
conventional buses. One trip costs 25 rubles. You give money to the
driver just having taking the minibus. If you need to take it off, you
have to cry: "Îñòàíîâèòå çäåñü!" (Ostanovite zdes, means "Stop here!").
You should cry it in Russian, because none of the Marshrutka-drivers
speak any other language and even Russian they speak very bad.
This spotty cow erected in the Arbat Street became a symbol of one of
the largest networks of rather cheap restaurants.
Such kind of restautants you can find anywhere.
These green kiosks sell stuffed (butter, sour cream or bacon)
microwave-baked potatoes, as well as toasted sandwiches and a few
drinks. Hot and filling, but rather expensive for what is basically just
a hunk of root vegetable.
outhouse is the most widespread type of the Moscow public restrooms . A
visit costs 15–25
Besides, they are considered unhygienic...
...Therefore many Muscovites,
both men and women, prefer
to communicate with nature among the garages.
This kind of garages is named "rakushka" (means
a ñockleshell). The stationary garage in Moscow is too expensive, much
more expensive than a car. Therefore many Muscovites keep their cars in
such portable ñockleshells.
The main palace in Tsaritsino park
A pond in
Moscow in pictures
How to use Moscow Metro
Moscow ground public transport
everything about the Russian capital
is the capital of Russia and the largest Russian city. It is also the
largest metropolitan area in Europe, and ranks among the largest urban
areas in the world. Moscow is a major political, economic, cultural,
religious, financial, educational, and transportation centre of Russia.
It is also the seventh largest city proper in the world.
Population – 10,524,400
Urban Area – 1,081 sq. km (417.4 sq mi)
Founded in 1147 BC (first mentioned in the Hypatian Codex).
Moscow is located in the European part of Russia, between the rivers Oka
and Volga, and administratively in the central federal district of the
Russian Federation. The city is enclosed in the Moscow oblast but
settles down on both coast of the Moscow River. Besides this river,
there are some tens other rivers in the territory of the city, largest of those are Yausa, Neglinnaya, Presnya, and
Khimka. All of those are the tributaries of the Moscow River.
The city and the river were named after the Baltic tribes of Moskvas,
those were similar to the ancient Galindians and to the modern
Lithuanians. The Moskvas were assimilated by the Galindians before the
Russians came, and now just the name let us remember them. Nevertheless,
some historians presume the world Moscow consists of two parts - Mos and
Cow - and meant in Pra-Indoeuropean language simply "a moth of a cow".
Contrary to those scientists, their opponents suppose the word Moscow
means means cow's moss. Actualy the territory of the present city was
covered with mosses, and one of the central streets' name Mokhovaya
means Moss Street.
Moscow climate is considered continental. It includes strong variations
of temperature between the summer and the winter. Moscow knows cold
winters and humid hot summers. The spring and the autumn are short. In
summer, the temperature is near often 25 °C and it takes down the winter
in the vicinity of -10 °C. The hotest recorded temperature was 36,7 °C
in August, 1936 and the coldest of -42,2 °C in January, 1940. Rainfall
is almost divided regularly during the year, although their quantity is
more well brought up the summer than the winter. Snow recuperates the
soil on average 138 days a year of mid-November at the end of March. The
height of snow can attain 78 cm in the middle of the winter.
The city of Moscow is divided into 10 administrative districts and 123
1.Central administrative District
2.North administrative District
3.Northeast administrative District
4.East administrative District
5.Southeast administrative District
6.Douth administrative District
7.Southwest administrative District
8.West administrative District
9.Northwest administrative District
10.The administrative District of Zelenograd
The Russian capital’s specific town-planning development began to show
as early as the 12th century, when the city was founded. The central
part of Moscow grew by consolidating with suburbs in line with the
medieval principles of urban development, when strong fortress walls
would gradually gird along the circle streets of adjacent new
settlements. The first circular defence walls set the trajectory of
Moscow’s rings, laying the groundwork for future town- planning of the
The following fortifications served as the city’s circular defence
boundaries at some point in history: the Kremlin walls, Zemlyanoi Gorod
(earthwork town), the Kamer-Kollezhsky Rampart, the Garden Ring, and the
small railway ring. The Moscow Automobile Ring Road (MKAD) has been
Moscow’s boundary since 1960. Also in the form of a circle are the main
Moscow subway line, the Ring Line, and the so-called Third Automobile
Ring, which was completed in 2005. Hence, the characteristic
radial-circle planning continues to define Moscow’s further development.
However, contemporary Moscow has also engulfed a number of territories
outside the MKAD, including the town Zelenograd.
TO GET IN
There are five airports in Moscow
In 1980-1991 all international flights to Moscow landed at Sheremetyevo
International Airport, commonly called Sheremetyevo II and soon to be
renamed "Terminal B". The home base of Aeroflot, Sheremetyevo II was
built for the 1980 Summer Olympics. Sheremetyevo I is actually Terminal
I of the same airport; however, it is located across the (only) runway
from Sheremetyevo II (to get from one to the other you have to drive
around the field) and for all practical purposes is a separate airport.
Sheremetyevo I handle mainly domestic flights and flights to Belarus.
The new Terminal C located a minute's walk from Sheremetyevo I handle
regular flights to Ukraine, Israel, Germany, Kazakhstan and a number of
traditional charter flight destinations like Egypt and Turkey. A new
Sheremetyevo-III ("Terminal A") is under construction due for completion
sometime in 2009.
In recent years, Sheremetyevo has been eclipsed by Domodedovo, which has
undergone a recent renovation and has always had a direct commuter rail
link to the city. Many international carriers, including British Airways
and Lufthansa, have switched to Domodedovo and since 2005 it has catered
to more passengers than Sheremetyevo. Aeroflot's biggest competitors S7
(Sibir) and Transaero, along with a slew of minnows, are based at
Vnukovo airport is the most closely to Moscow located airport — it also
has the international status and accepts planes of leading domestic and
world airlines. The least number of the international flights (separate
charter transportations) among the Moscow airports is served by Bykovo
airport — this is the oldest airport of the country that specializes in
lies at the western end of the Trans-Siberian Railway from Beijing,
Ulaanbaatar and Vladivostok. You can reach here from almost anywhere in
Europe and Central Asia. Moscow is also the main railway hub of Russia;
it is often easier for a person going cross-country to change trains in
Moscow, even if it's a little out of the way, as the choice of direct
trains is limited compared to the ones going to the capital. This means,
unfortunately, that main train Rail Terminal s are always crowded with
transients, and are generally about the most unsafe places in the city.
There are nine Rail Terminals in Moscow, each of those are located
close to the city centre
Belorussky Rail Terminal:
Serves Smolensk, Minsk, Vilnius, Kaliningrad and, through the
border crossing at Brest in Byelorussia, Warsaw, Berlin and most
of the Central and Northern Europe. Metro: Belorusskaya. Belorussky
is one of the oldest Moscow rail terminaks. It was built in
1869-70 and opened on September 19, 1870.
Firstly it was named Smolensky. A year later it was renamed as
Brestsky, and in 1936 it was named after the Byelorussian Soviet
Socialist Republic of the Soviet Union.
Savyolovsky Rail Terminal: It
serves suburban northern direction of the city. Commuter trains
only, to the suburbs and beyond. The station was built during the years
1897–1902, when a 130 km line went straight north of Moscow to connect
it to the towns of Kashin, Kalyazin, Uglich, and Rybinsk. The modern
name of the terminal originates from the name of a village Savyolovo
(now a district of the town of Kimry) situated on the line.
Rizhsky Rail Terminal: Relatively
small; serves only Riga and other Latvian destinations.It was opened on
September 11, 1901.
The external facade of the terminal is designed by the architect
Dideriñhs in Pseudo-Russian style, using of the elements borrowed
from Russian architecture of the 1600-s.
Leningradsky Rail Terminal:
Trains for northwestern and northern destinations. Serves
Novgorod, Pskov, Saint Petersburg, Petrozavodsk, Murmansk,
Tallinn, and Helsinki. Leningradsky is the oldest Rail Terminal
in Moscow. It was opened in 1851. Initially it was known as
Peterburgsky (ie., Rail Terminal for Petersburg). Upon the
Emperor's death five years later, the station was named
Nikolayevsky. after him and retained this name until 1924, when
the Bolsheviks renamed it Oktyabrsky Station to commemorate the
October Revolution. In the year 1937 it was renamed again as
Leningradsky after the city of Leningrad.
Yaroslavsky Rail Terminal: Starts out
going through northeastern suburbs but then turns east. It has
the highest passenger throughput of all the nine Moscow rail
terminals, serving eastern destinations, including the Russian
Far East. It is the terminus of the Trans-Siberian Railway, the
longest railway in the world. Its name originates from the
ancient city of Yaroslavl, the first large city along the
railway, situated 284 km along the railway from Moscow.
Kazansky Rail Terminal:
Southeastern direction. Serves Nizhny Novgorod, Kazan, Kazakhstan,
Ulyanovsk and Uzbekistan.
These last three are all located on one huge square, informally known as
the "Three Rail Terminal s' Square". A running joke among Moscow taxi
drivers ever since the Soviet times is to be able to pick up a fare from
one of them to the other, taking the unwary tourist on an elaborate ride
in circles. Be prepared for enormous queues trying to enter or exit the
Metro at peak times, as people are getting off or on the commuter
Kursky Rail Terminal:
Actually two directions at one terminus. Southeastern branch
serves Vladimir and Nizhny Novgorod, but most trains go south,
through Tula, Orel, Kursk and eastern Ukraine to the Black Sea
and beyond, including Adler/Sochi, the Crimea and the Caucasus.
It was built in 1896 and has twice been rebuilt in 1998 and in
1972. There are currently plans in the pipeline to completely
rebuild or refurbish the Kursky Rail Terminal.
Paveletsky Rail Terminal:
Serves Voronezh, Astrakhan, Alma-Ata, and other destinations to
the South.Originally called Saratov Railway Station, it was
named after a village of Pavelets, when the railroad leading
south-east of Moscow reached that point in 1899. The ornate
building of the station, completed in 1900 and extensively
reconstructed in the 1980s, remains one of the biggest Moscow
railway terminals. In 1924, it was the place where Muscovites
came to meet the body of deceased Lenin. The Lenin Funeral Train
is still a permanent exhibit there. The Aeroexpress train links
Paveletsky station with Domodedovo Airport.
Kievsky Rail Terminal: It
is the only railway station in Moscow to have a frontage on the
Moskva River. As the name suggests there are regular services to
Kiev as well as Belgrade, Zagreb, Istanbul, Bucharest, Sofia,
Athens, Budapest, Prague, Vienna, and Rome. The station was
built between 1914 and 1918 in the Byzantine. Originally named
the Bryansk Rail Terminal, it was designed by Ivan Rerberg and
Vladimir Shukhov, it is considered an important landmark of
architecture and engineering of the time.
Twelwe main highways lead to Moscow
M1 (The Minsk highway) - from Europe, Brest, Minsk, Smolensk
M2 (The Warsaw highway) - from Crimea, Kharkov, Belgorod, Kursk, the
M3 (The Kiev highway) - from southern Europe, the western and the
central Ukraine, Bryansk, Kaluga
M4 (Kashirsky highway) - from the Caucasus, from Rostov, Voronezh, the
east of the Tula area
Old line of Kashirsky highway - from the Domodedovo airport
M5 And M7 - depending on a direction - from Siberia and the Far East
M5 (The Volgograd highway) also - from Kazakhstan and Central Asia,
Chelyabinsk, Ufa, Samara, Saratov, Penza, Ryazan
The Ryazan highway - from Ljuberets - old line M5
M7 (Highway of Enthusiasts, then Gorki highway) - accordingly from
Ekaterinburg, Izhevsk, Kazan, Nizhni Novgorod, Vladimir
M6 (Merges with M4 in Kashira) - from Astrakhan, Volgograd, Tambov, the
south of the Ryazan region
M8 (The Yaroslavl highway) - from the northwest of Russia, from Vologda
M9 (The Riga highway) - from Lithuania, Latvia, Velikie Luki, Rzhev
M10 (The Leningrad highway) - from Finland, St.-Petersburg, Great
À101 - From Roslavlja, Obninsk, Troitsk
À104 (Dmitrovsky highway) - from east areas of the Tver region, Kimr,
The Shchelkovo highway - from Shchelkovo, Chernogolovki, Frjanovo
The direct way to drive from Germany, Poland, or Belarus is along the
E30 road. However EU or American citizens have to get Belarussian visas
to pass through Belarus, so it could be more convenient to go via Latvia
(the nearest border crossing between EU and Russia on this direction)
using the E22 which starts in Riga.
Easy access from Finland through St. Petersburg and Novgorod is along
the E18 road. This route is also known as Russian Federal Highway M-10.
Traffic on the M-10 is heavy and driving less relaxing.
Foreign cars – especially expensive ones – might attract unwelcome
attention, and there is cumbersome paperwork involved.
entry points to Moscow - that is, the overpasses carrying the major
highways over the Ring Road and into the city - feature rotating
roadblocks, where teams of traffic police stop all vehicles not
featuring Moscow plates. You will be stopped and questioned; in most,
but not all cases, you'll be allowed to proceed.
If you do use a car to arrive to Moscow, don't even think about driving
around. The street system was never designed to accommodate even a
fraction of the exploding population of vehicles; the traffic jams on
the Sadovoye Ring often do not clear between the morning and the evening
rush hours. Most roadways are in a constant state of disastrous
disrepair. You will have to compete for
every inch of space on the road (quite literally; the proper distance
between the vehicles for a Muscovite is close to zero) with seasoned
drivers in dented "Lada"s who know the tangle of the streets inside out
and will not think twice before cutting you off at the first
opportunity. The drivers of the ubiquitous yellow "marshrutka" route
taxis can seem to be nearly suicidal, and account for a significant
percentage of all accidents, while buses stop, go and barge in and out
of traffic at will, blissfully unaware of the surroundings. One bright
spot is the relative dearth of the large 18-wheeler trucks on Moscow
roads; they do ply the Ring Road, however. From time to time all traffic
on major thoroughfares may be blocked by police to allow government
officials to blow through unimpeded, sirens blaring. If you manage to
get to your destination, you'll find that there is nowhere to park, or
worse, that a space which looked OK to you is either illegal or
"belongs" to someone (or both); this would mean finding upon return a
smashed-in windshield or slashed tires, to teach you a lesson, or your
car being towed ("evacuated"). In fact, you might get towed for any
reason or without one. Any serious altercation on the Moscow roads means
dealing with GIBDD, the road police, the most notoriously corrupt
institution in the city. Park as soon as you can at a safe place (your
hotel, for example) and use public transit.
People, arriving to Moscow from the remote places, are always amazed with the capital.
Eurolines. Operate coach services into Moscow. Typical fares would be
£10 (one-way) to Riga, Latvia, or £60 to London in the United Kingdom.
Intercity busses to Russian and some former Soviet Union cities depart
from the intercity bus station (àâòîâîêçàë) at Shelkovskaya Metro
station (the last station of the dark blue line, in northeast Moscow).
This is the only place in Moscow from which public transportation is
available directly to Suzdal. Also, some intercity buses depart from
Komsomolskaya, Tushinskaya, Yugo-Zapadnaya, Vykhino, and Domodedovskaya
Moscow used to be served by regular passenger ships. A system of
navigable channels and locks connects the Moskva River with Volga River,
which in turn, through the Volga-Baltic channel, provides a way to the
Baltic Sea (using the Onega, Ladoga and Neva rivers) and further from
Ladoga Lake through the White Sea channel to the White Sea; to the south
through the Volga-Don channel to the Don river and the Azov and Black
Sea; while Volga itself flows into the Caspian Sea. In the Soviet times
this allowed the official propaganda to refer to Moscow as "a port on
the five seas". There is no scheduled passenger traffic anymore on any
of these routes.
There are 2 river terminals in Moscow, on each end of the series of
major bridges over the river; these are not capable of being drawn up,
and not all of them are of sufficient height to allow large ships to
pass. The North Station, in Khimki neighborhood, provides berths for
cruise ships to Saint Petersburg, as well as Astrakhan, Rostov-on-Don
and other cities along the Volga. The South Station (closest Metro:
Kolomenskaya) ceased to be used commercially, since the Oka River, of
which the Moskva is a tributary, has silted to the point of being
Metro (Subway, Underground)
Main artice: How to use Moscow Metro
Local transport includes the Moscow Metro, a metro system famous for its
art, murals, mosaics, and ornate chandeliers. When it first opened in
1935, the system had just one line. Today, the Moscow Metro contains
twelve lines, mostly underground with a total of 177 stations. The Metro
is one of the deepest subway systems in the world; for instance the Park
Pobedy station, completed in 2003, at 84 metres (280 ft) underground,
has the longest escalators in Europe. The Moscow Metro is one of world's
busiest metro systems, serving more than nine million passengers daily.
Facing serious transportation problems, Moscow has wide plans of
expansion of Moscow Metro.
Tickets are sold only at manned booths within the stations ("kassa"). In
several stations there are tickets vending machines.
The Metro is open from 5:30AM - 1AM. Stations close at 1AM so your
journey must be completed by then (more precisely, at 1AM the last train
starts from the end stations, the entrances and transfers betweenn
lines are locked and the escalators are stopped - if you caught the
train, you'll be able to exit at any stop on the way, but it might be a
long slog up the steps). Before 7AM and after 9PM, the metro is rarely
busy. Between these times on work days it can be a real squeeze,
especially within the ring. Some escalators are a two minute ride as the
stations in the city center are very deep. On the escalators stand on
It's important to know that colors in the underground's signs
don't necessarily correspond to the ones on the maps, so the green line
is not necessarily indicated by a green sign (that could be the sign for
gray line). It's less confusing to refer to the numbers, e.g. line 3 is
line 3 whatever color is on the sign. There are no English signs inside
so have your itinerary ready beforehand or learn to read Cyrillic, which
is possible. Anyway, you can use a Russian-English plan while you moving
inside a Metro train. Don't let yourself be intimidated by the huge
masses of jostling, rushing, cross people. The Russians also take their
time to study the tiny signposts to see where to change trains or which
exit to take. Don't use the metro if you are claustrophobic as the air
is thick especially at rush hour.
Moscow metro fares
Period of validity
with limited number of rides:
5 days, incl. day of purchase
1 ride and 1 passenger-luggage
45 days, incl. day of purchase
Metro travel card (70 rides)
Monthly travelcard for 4 kinds of transport, number of
rides in metro being 70
cards with unlimited number of rides:
Smart card for students of Moscow universities
A 30-day smart card
30 days, incl. day of purchase
A 90-day smart card
90 days, incl. day of purchase
A 365-day smart card
365 days, incl. day of purchase
on information boards and panels used in Metro
ÏÅÐEÕÎÄ ÍÀ ÊÎËÜÖÅÂÓÞ ËÈÍÈÞ
TRANSFER TO CIRCULAR LINE
ÂÛÕÎÄ Â ÃÎÐÎÄ
EXIT TO THE STREET
ÏÅÐÅÕÎÄ ÏÐÅÊÐÀÙÀÅÒÑß Â 1 ×ÀÑ ÍÎ×È
TRANSFER IS CLOSED AT 1 A.M..
Ê ÏÎÅÇÄÀÌ ÄÎ
BOARDING PLATFORMS TO STATIONS:
There is also a short monorail line, operated by the Moscow Metro
company. The line connects station near Timiryazevskaya Metro station
and station near tram depot at Sergeya Eyzenshteyna str., close to AREC.
The line opened in 2004.
Main artice: Moscow ground public transport
Bus and Trolleybus
As Metro stations outside the city centre are far apart in comparison to
other cities, up to 4 kilometres (2.5 mi), an extensive bus network
radiates from each station to the surrounding residential zones. Also
Moscow has a bus terminal for long-range and intercity passenger buses
(Central Bus Terminal) with daily turnover of about 25 thousand
passengers serving about 40% of long-range bus routes in Moscow.
Every large street in the city is served by at least one bus route. Many
of these routes are doubled by a trolleybus routes. Also every large
street of Moscow has trolley wires over it..
One trip costs 25 rubles, if you pay to a bus (or
trolleybus) driver. However you can buy a ticket at a bus-stop. It would
be much chipper
Moscow has an extensive tram system which first opened in 1899. Its
daily usage by Muscovites is low (approx. 5%) although it still remains
vital in some districts for those who need to get to the nearby Metro
Jitney-like mode of transport that falls between private transport and
conventional buses. One tripr costs 25 rubles. You give money to the
driver just having taking the minibus. If you need to take it off, you
have to cry: "Îñòàíîâèòå çäåñü!" (Ostanovite zdes, means "Stop here!").
You should cry it in Russian, because none of the Marshrutka-drivers
speak any other language and even Russian they speak very bad (Read
WHERE TO EAT
total majority of the tourists will find that eating out in Moscow is
quite expensive. It does not have to be that way, it's just that the
options most visible for the foreigner generally are.
There are a number of American franchise restaurants, such as McDonald's
and TGI Friday's; it's a familiar, if boring eat at a reasonable price.
A Big Mac in Moscow McDonald's costs 70 Rubles, that is less than in US,
UK and Europe (more
Great American-style breakfasts can be had at either of the American Bar
& Grill locations; also serving thick juicy cheeseburgers.
A huge and quickly growing range of restaurants, with a matching range
of prices, has developed in Moscow. The average cost per person for a
middle to top class restaurant will be $30 to $200 (more if one goes for
vintage wines). A quick 'canteen' style meal in a 'Stolovaya' can cost
about $3 and is generally underground, near famous monuments and subway
stations. These large food courts sometimes also contain a small mall.
They will usually include toilets but be prepared to pay around $1 to
use them. Lately a lot of new "middle-class" restaurants have opened,
filled with families on weekends. The omnipresent McDonald's have
outlets near many metro stations.
Non-chain restaurants and cafes promising "European and Caucasus
cuisine" are equally bad in either one most of the time; seek a
specialist single-region venue instead (Georgian, Russian, Italian,
French etc). ;
Lifetime of an average restaurant or cafe in Moscow is 2 years - in 2
years the quality decreases, or it changes ownership, name and/or
Many small restaurants within the Sadovoye ring are now offering prix-fixe
"business lunches" at around RUB200-250, for the teeming hordes of
white-collars populating the neighborhood during the day. These deals
are valid in the middle of the day (12-3 PM) and include a cup of soup
or an appetizer, the main dish of the day (a smaller portion than if you
order a la carte; sometimes there's even a limited choice), bread (no
Russian eats anything without a slice) and a beverage (soda or
coffee/tea; beer costs extra); it is a reasonably priced, freshly cooked
quick meal in the middle of your wanderings which will tide you through
to the evening.
Georgian – Besides Russian cuisine, one variety of ethnic food
that is strongly recommended while in Moscow is Georgian. This cuisine
is generally spicier than Russian food, and there are a number of
reasonably priced Georgian restaurants in Moscow.
Thai cuisine can be found only in few restaurants, and its authenticity
is well arguable. ;
Vietnamese and Chinese cuisines are not popular with Russians,
but can be found if you search for it.
You can find "authentic" Chinese and Vietnamese food in
Vietnamese/Chinese Markets, such as Cherkizovskaya or Izmalovo Markets.
You will need to do some exploring deep into the markets or maybe ask a
few vendors to locate the restaurants. The vendors themselves eat at
A nice place for Vietnamese food is the "Izumrudnaya Reka" ("Emerald
River") in the Savyolovskiy market, close to Savyolovskaya metro
Outdoor Stand Up
Free-standing street food is well represented with hot dogs/sausages,
meat pastries and doner kebab (shawarma) kiosks (dwindling in numbers,
though, as part of the mayor's quest for limiting immigrant businesses
under the guise of sanitary enforcement). The latter are tasty, if not
entirely authentic, but can be risky; pack Pepto-Bismol. An undertaking
to counter with "native" food under the trade mark of "Russian Bistro" (blini,
piroshki and so on) seems to have flopped, as very few of them remain
(you can still get a taste of the menu on Tverskaya st. near
Pushkinskaya Metro station; in summer be sure to ask for a cold mug of
kvass, a malted rye soft drink, if they have it on tap).
There are also several chains of outdoor stand-up food vendors, usually
located in clusters around Metro stations. A few to look for are:
Kroshka-Kartoshka – These green kiosks sell stuffed (butter, sour cream
or bacon) microwave-baked potatoes, as well as toasted sandwiches and a
few drinks. Hot and filling, but rather expensive for what is basically
just a hunk of root vegetable.
Riksha Ivan ("Ivan the Rickshaw") – Quick Chinese-like cuisine; fried
rice with meat to go.
Teremok – These brown-colored kiosks sell large blinchiki, or Russian
crepes that come with a variety of fillings.
Muscovites are also fond of their ice cream, consumed in any weather,
even (proudly) in the dead of winter, cheap and usually of superior
quality; kiosks can be found all over the center and near all Metro
Nevertheless it is cold to pee outdoor in the winter, especially for
women. Unlike women in Africa or Asia, the majority of Russian women are
not skillful in peeing while standing, and p-mates are not sold in the
Russian drugstores. Thus, having to pee out door, they have to bare
extensive sites of their bodies. Therefore, they have to urinate in a
pod'ezd (ïîäúåçä) – a doorway of a multistoried building. However
recently the pod'ezds have been equipped with coded locks, because the
were the very popular places to have a pee in. Thus, one to have
to dispose one’s bodily wastes in the winter, dials up a number of any
apartment and says to the on-door speakerphone: “I am a post-officer and
need to distribute the newspapers among the post-boxes.”
You also can visit to the nearest McDonald’s. However, the Moscow
McDonalds' are too large (one of them is the largest McDonald’s in the
world), but the restrooms in them are too small for such number of
visitors. Therefore you would wait in a long queue. The same queues also
occur in the department stores’ restrooms especially in the women’s
rooms. The restrooms in the hypermarkets are available for the
Fortunately there are
263 stationary restrooms in Moscow. Unlike outhouses, stationary
restrooms named Ñîðòèð
(from the French verb "sortir", which means "to go out") are separated
by sex and many of them are free. Men's public restroom are designated
with the letter
M, which means ìóæñêîé (men’s), while women's public restrooms
are designated with the Russian letter
Æ which means æåíñêèé (women’s). Many public restrooms are
equipped with squat toilets. However even if they are equipped with
standard western pedestal toilets, it should be better for women to
in squat or hovering position. Some restrooms are not equipped with
toilets and urinals. Instead of them there are holes in a floor and a
trench for urine drains.
the location of the Moscow free restrooms on the map